California State University, Northridge WordmarkOviatt Library WordmarkOviatt Library Catalog Wordmark
Author Sosinskiĭ, A. B. (Alekseĭ Bronislavovich)
Title Geometries / A.B. Sossinsky.
Published Providence, R.I. : American Mathematical Society, c2012.
Book Cover

 Floor4  QA445 .S593 2012    IN LIBRARY
Description xvi, 301 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
Series Student mathematical library ; v. 64
Student mathematical library ; v. 64.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (p. 297-298) and index.
Contents Preface -- 0. About Euclidean geometry -- 1. Toy geometries and main definitions -- 2. Abstract groups and group presentations -- 3. Finite subgroups of SO(3) -- 4. Discrete subgroups of the isometry group of the plane and tilings -- 5. Reflection groups and Coxeter geometries -- 6. Spherical geometry -- 7. The Poincaré disk model of hyperbolic geometry -- 8. The Poincaré half-plane model -- 9. The Cayley-Klein model -- 10. Hyperbolic trigonometry and absolute constants -- 11. History of non-Euclidean geometry -- 12. Projective geometry -- 13. "Projective geometry is all geometry" -- 14. Finite geometries -- 15. The hierarchy of geometries -- 16. Morphisms of geometries -- Appendix A : Excerpts from Euclid's "Elements" -- Appendix B : Hilbert's axioms for plane geometry.
Summary "The book is an innovative modern exposition of geometry, or rather, of geometries; it is the first textbook in which Felix Klein's Erlangen Program (the action of transformation groups) is systematically used as the basis for defining various geometries. The course of study presented is dedicated to the proposition that all geometries are created equal--although some, of course, remain more equal than others. The author concentrates on several of the more distinguished and beautiful ones, which include what he terms "toy geometries", the geometries of Platonic bodies, discrete geometries, and classical continuous geometries. The text is based on first-year semester course lectures delivered at the Independent University of Moscow in 2003 and 2006. It is by no means a formal algebraic or analytic treatment of geometric topics, but rather, a highly visual exposition containing upwards of 200 illustrations. The reader is expected to possess a familiarity with elementary Euclidean geometry, albeit those lacking this knowledge may refer to a compendium in Chapter 0. Per the author's predilection, the book contains very little regarding the axiomatic approach to geometry (save for a single chapter on the history of non-Euclidean geometry), but two Appendices provide a detailed treatment of Euclid's and Hilbert's axiomatics. Perhaps the most important aspect of this course is the problems, which appear at the end of each chapter and are supplemented with answers at the conclusion of the text. By analyzing and solving these problems, the reader will become capable of thinking and working geometrically, much more so than by simply learning the theory. Ultimately, the author makes the distinction between concrete mathematical objects called "geometries" and the singular "geometry", which he understands as a way of thinking about mathematics. Although the book does not address branches of mathematics and mathematical physics such as Riemannian and Kähler manifolds or, say, differentiable manifolds and conformal field theories, the ideology of category language and transformation groups on which the book is based prepares the reader for the study of, and eventually, research in these important and rapidly developing areas of contemporary mathematics." --Publisher description.
Subject Geometry -- Textbooks.
ISBN 9780821875711 (alk. paper)
082187571X (alk. paper)
OCLC number 778074252